University of Siena
Siena boasts an excellent academic system thanks to the more than 760 years of university each year more and more students from throughout Europe attending academic courses with excellent results.
The University was founded on December 26 1240, by the mayor Ildebrandino Cacciaconti, thanks to funding allocated by the municipality favored the study in the city Siena.
At first it did the Law School, a grammar and Medical School, which in a few years acquired considerable prestige thanks to the presence of teachers such as Peter Hispanic, distinguished physician and philosopher.
Later in 1252 Pope Innocent IV granted immunity to tax teachers and students, with the aim of encouraging studies nell'ateneo Siena, and in 1357 the Emperor Charles IV founded the Studium Generale and with it the House of Wisdom, a college student who was only completed 20 years later.
In 1808 during the occupation of France, the Firm was closed and reopened only for the return of the Grand Duke, which during the Risorgimento, because of the positions of patriotic students and some teachers saw forced to close the School of Medicine, leaving unchanged School of Law and Theology.
Later in 1892 the Minister of Education, Ferdinando Martini made request for senese deletion university, which was not welcomed by the people, resulting in strikes by traders and all city government that led his Ferdinando Martini steps. Thus the city returned to invest in this sector, creating new courses and new faculty.